Lakes have a thriving ecosystem from plants to animals to bacteria. When the habitat is great, life thrives. Depending on the species of plant or fish, small changes in the environment can have huge repercussions. To keep the habitat thriving, lake owners can implement a few strategies.
Lake aeration helps improve the water quality for the animals and plants in the lake. By improving the oxygen flow in the lake, wildlife and plants can grow. Toxic gases have less chance of causing problems for the ecosystem. Circulated water helps maintain temperature which is ideal for many types of fish. In addition, lake owners will want to control water runoff into the lake. Runoff can contain a variety of harmful chemicals that can damage the water quality including fertilizers and herbicides. Cleaning up the area regularly can help reduce the effects of these substances that can affect the habitat.
Many types of wildlife rely on hiding to survive. They need structures to hide behind and build their homes out of. While many lakes already feature many of these structures, not all lakes do. Lake owners can increase the number of underwater structures by sinking old Christmas trees or creating artificial reefs. These structures allow phytoplankton and algae to grow, facilitate fish spawning and create resting spots for fish. Other items such as boulders, logs, brush bundles and rocks can help change the lake bottom for the benefit of the lake food chain.
Not all aquatic plants are helpful. In fact, some species of plants are invasive causing more harm than beneficial oxygen and water cleaning. Even beneficial plants can overgrow the population and choke out the wildlife. By limiting runoff, plants receive a natural reduction in artificial plant food creating by fertilizers and sewage. Helpful plants provide feeding and nesting grounds for the local wildlife. Their foliage attracts food providing cover for some and opportunities for others looking for a meal. Plants are a necessary part of the habitat. Controlling their growth and removing invasive species can create a healthy environment for the entire lake ecosystem.
Focusing on these core areas allows lake owners to facilitate a healthy lake environment. Owners can then enjoy the spectacles of a thriving ecosystem right in their backyards. Go fishing, check out the local wildlife or explore the newly created structures. A healthy lake is clearer with a growing and diverse wildlife. With a little work, the lake may become your favorite outdoor adventure.